International wildlife trade refers to the import,
export, re-export or introduction from the sea of specimens of wild
animals or plants. Animal specimen refers to live or dead animals and
their parts or derivatives for example, meat, skin, bones, blood, feathers
and shells. Plant specimen refers to live or dead plants and their parts
or derivatives for example, leaves, roots, stems, seeds, pollen, logs
and sawn wood.
Guyana is a Party to the Convention
on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
(CITES). CITES is an international agreement among Governments to
ensure that the international trade in wild animals and plants does
not threaten their survival. In order for international trade in CITES-listed
species to take place, permits and certificates must be issued. Permits
and certificates are only required for those species listed on Appendix
I, II or III of CITES.
As a Party to CITES, Guyana is obligated to implement
the provisions of the Convention and does so through the Species Protection
Regulations 1999. The Regulations provide for the establishment of a
Management Authority and a Scientific Authority in compliance with Article
IX of the Convention.